Love And Hate Essay Papers

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In Charles Dickens’ novel, A Tale of Two Cities, he illustrates the constant battle between love and hate. This battle is never-ending, but in the novel, I believe that love won, and that love is greater than hate. Love is displayed as love for family and friends, while hate

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is displayed as hate for the aristocrats and revenge. Lucie, a young girl who never met her father, grows into a strong woman and her love for her family is evident. Her love even saved her father from his despair. Miss Pross has love for Lucie, affectionately called Ladybird, and cares for her and her daughter, little Lucie, with her life.

However, there is also hate. Madame Defarge hates the aristocrats, mostly the Evremondes, and will go to any length to see them suffer. Sydney Carton hates everyone and hates life in general. Can love overpower these emotions; will love prove it is greater? In Dickens’ novel, it did. Lucie loves her father, from the day they first meet, it is obvious, and the sentiment is soon shared by her father. After living a life of hatred and despair for 18 years, Lucie brings Doctor Manette love.

The first glimpse we see of this love that will save Doctor Manette from himself is when Dickens writes, “His cold white hair mingled with her radiant hair, which warmed and lighted it as though it were the light of Freedom shining on him. ” (Dickens, pg. 50). After being with his daughter for awhile, her love freed him from his sufferings and brought him back to the man he used to be. The love that Lucie was able to give him, gave him the strength he needed to overcome the hatred that held him prisoner inside the Bastille for so long.

But even then, there were times when he relapsed into his old habits from prison. However, Lucie was the one who could bring him back from that despair and hatred with her love. As Miss Pross remarks, “In silence they go walking up and down together, walking

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up and down together, until her love and company have brought him to himself. ” (Dickens, pg. 103). This just goes to prove how strong love is and how it is greater than hate. Doctor Manette went through a great ordeal of pain and suffering during his 18 years of imprisonment.

He held a hatred for the Evremondes because they are the ones who put him in prison after he tried to condemn them for their unlawful actions towards the peasants. Doctor Manette writes in his letter, “Them and their descendents, to the very last of their race, I Alexandre Manette, unhappy prisoner, do this very last night of the year 1767, in my unbearable agony, denounce to the times when all these things shall be answered for, I denounce them to Heaven and to earth. ” (Dickens, pg. 342).

When he is recalled to life by his daughter Lucie, he forgets these troubles and is able to live a happy life. When Lucie falls in love with Charles Darnay, an Evremonde, Doctor Manette’s old pain, hatred, and suffering arises. We see this illustrated when Dickens writes, “In a very curious look at Darnay: an intent look, deepening into a frown of dislike and distrust, not even unmixed with fear. ” (Dickens, pg. 86). However, in chapter 10 of Book 2 entitled, Two Promises, Charles Darnay admits to Doctor Manette that he loves his daughter, Lucie.

To this, Doctor Manette exhibits that same dark look, but then turns to Darnay and says, “If she should ever tell me that you are essential to her perfect happiness, I will give her to you. If there were ¬– Charles Darnay, if there were (…) – any fancies, any reasons, any apprehensions, anything whatsoever, new or old, against the man she really loved – the direct responsibility thereof not lying on his head – they should all be obliterated for her sake. She is everything to me; more to me than suffering, more to me than wrong (…)” (Dickens, pg.142).

Even with the history of the Evremondes haunting him every time he looks at Darnay, he is willing to put it all aside for Lucie, because he loves her so strongly. This is an excellent example of how love trumps hate. As an example of the battle of love and hate, one could take Miss Pross as being the personification of love and Madame Defarge as being the personification of hate. Miss Pross has been serving Lucie since she was a young girl and has therefore fallen in love with the young woman.

She will do anything for her and treats Lucie as if she were her own daughter. When Lucie has a little girl, Miss Pross cares for her the same way, with ample love and compassion. In one of the scenes in the novel, we are given a glimpse of the love Miss Pross has for Lucie. Dickens writes, “Smoothing her rich hair with as much pride as she could possible have taken in her own hair if she had been the vainest and handsomest of women. ” (Dickens, pg. 104). Madame Defarge, on the other hand, shows no compassion to anyone.

She hates all the aristocrats, but most of all, the Evremondes. This is for the same reason as Doctor Manette, because the peasants that were abused by the family were her family, and they died at the hands of the Evremondes. She has let this blind hatred lead her life and fuel her anger most of her life. We can see her hatred when she is knotting the coins in the cloth at the wine-shop, “She tied a knot with flashing eyes, as if it throttled a foe (…) as if it were another enemy strangled. ” (Dickens, pg. 185, 186).

On the day of Charles Darnay’s execution, Madame Defarge goes to find Lucie, Doctor Manette and little Lucie to condemn them to death also. Instead, she finds only Miss Pross. Thus begins the largest battle of love and hate in the novel. Madame Defarge is determined, and armed, but Miss Pross is filled with the strength of love and loyalty. As they fight, Dickens describes Miss Pross’ strength by writing, “Miss Pross, with the vigorous tenacity of love, always so much stronger than hate (…) held her round the waist, and clung to her with more than the hold of a drowning woman.” (Dickens, pg. 379).

After they struggle for a while, Madame Defarge tries to pull her gun out, but it works against her and suddenly Miss Pross is struggling with a dead body. Love has triumphed over hate in the truest sense as hate dies and love lives on. Sydney Carton’s character is introduced as a brilliant man who is bitter and depressed. He tells Darnay the first time they meet, “I am a disappointed drudge, sir. I care for no man on earth and no man on earth cares for me. ” (Dickens, pg. 90).

He also admits to himself in that same passage that he hates Darnay, because he has all that Carton will never have, he is the man Carton will never be. Later on in the book, Carton tells Lucie that he loves her, but is glad that she will never love him, and then he says, “If my career were of that better kind and there were an opportunity or capacity of sacrifice in it, I would embrace any sacrifice for you and those dear to you (…) think now and then that there is a man who would give his life, to keep a life you love beside you! ” (Dickens, pg.159).

This shows that even though Carton has hate for life, he may still show love, but yet none of the two emotions has surpassed the other, until he fulfils his promise to Lucie. When Darnay is sentenced to death by guillotine, Carton sneaks in and takes his place. He sacrifices his life to give Lucie back her husband, to give her back the man that Carton never liked, even hated. The power of love surpassed that of the emotions of hate that Carton has towards Darnay, his love for a woman who will never love him back led his actions.

Even at the guillotine, we see the power of love overcoming hate as Carton helps a young seamstress overcome her fears of dying and gave her love before she died. This love was returned to Carton and gave him strength when he went up to die. His face when he died was, “The peacefullest man’s face ever beheld there. ” (Dickens, pg. 385). This further demonstrates that love can, and will always, be greater than hate. Love is by far greater than hate. Love can save, love can heal, and love can grow.

Hate is destructive, and that’s its weakness, it has no grasp on people when love is present because love can rebuild all that hate has torn down. In Dickens novel, he gives plenty of proof to show just how powerful love is, and that even if, like Carton, we feel there is no love present, there is, and eventually we will see it. In his novel, we also see that even if hatred has claimed a person for so long, such as Doctor Manette, they can be saved with love.

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Essay/Term paper: Much ado about nothing: love, hate & marriage - an analytical essay on the relationship of beatrice & benedick

Essay, term paper, research paper:  Much Ado About Nothing

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Much Ado About Nothing: Love, Hate & Marriage - An Analytical Essay on the
Relationship of Beatrice & Benedick

In William Shakespeare's comedy "Much Ado About Nothing", the characters
Beatrice and Benedick are involved in what could only be called a "love/hate"
relationship. The play is a classic example of this type of relationship, and
allows us to view one from the outside looking in. This gives us the chance to
analyse the type of relationship that at one time or another we all have been,
or will be, involved in.
Both Beatrice and Benedick are strong-willed, intelligent characters, who
fear that falling in love will lead to a loss of freedom and eventually
heartbreak. This causes them to deny their love for each other and it is only
through the machinations of other characters in the play that their true
feelings emerge. When these feelings are finally acknowledged, both characters
are changed, but the changes are subtle. They are neither drastic nor
monumental. Both remain who they were before, but now they the two are one.
They gain everything and lose nothing. Whether or not their love would have
bloomed without the help of their friends, we will never know.
In the beginning of the play, Beatrice and Benedick do not seem to like
each other very much, if at all. This can be seen in Act I; Scene I, (line 121-

BENEDICK: God keep your ladyship still in that mind! so some gentleman
or other shall 'scape a predestinate scratched face.
BEATRICE: Scratching could not make it worse, an 'twere such a face as
yours were.
BENEDICK: Well, you are a rare parrot-teacher.
BEATRICE: A bird of my tongue is better than a beast of yours.
BENEDICK: I would my horse had the speed of your tongue, and so good a
continuer. But keep your way, I' God's name; I have done.
BEATRICE: You always end with a jade's trick: I know you of old.

Were the reader to judge the relationship between the characters solely by the
above lines, they would come to the conclusion that these characters much
disliked, if not hated each other. This is most likely not the case. In
today's world, with its knowledge of psychology, we are aware that this
behaviour is most likely a cover-up for other feelings. In fact, many
relationships begin with the parties involved denying attraction to each other
for various reasons. Others may see it, but those involved deny it so
vehemently that it seems to indicate dislike, if not actual hate.
Beatrice's opinion of Benedick is easy to see in the first act, she seems
to strongly dislike him for some reason and does not hesitate to tell all who
will listen. Regardless of her opinion, we can gather that Benedick is, in
actuality, a decent man from the other characters in the play. An example of
this can be seen in Act I; Scene I, (lines 31 & 40):

Messenger: O, he's returned; and as pleasant as ever he was.
Messenger: He hath done good service, lady, in these wars.

The lines of the messenger, someone who in all probability does not know
Benedick very well, lead us to believe that he (Benedick) is a respected man
who treats others fairly. That Beatrice says otherwise is purely an act of
denial on her part. She sees what she has convinced herself is there and that's
all there is to it.
At this point in the play, both Beatrice and Benedick are sure that they
want to spend their lives unmarried. This is shown by Beatrice in Act II;
Scene I, (lines 51-57):

LEONATO: Well, niece, I hope to see you one day fitted with a husband.
BEATRICE: Not till God make men of some other metal than earth. Would
it not grieve a woman to be overmastered with a pierce of valiant dust?
to make an account of her life to a clod of wayward marl? No, uncle,
I'll none: Adam's sons are my brethren; and, truly, I hold it a sin to
match in my kindred. and by Benedick, (lines 223-230):
BENEDICK: That a woman conceived me, I thank her; that she brought me
up, I likewise give her most humble thanks: but that I will have a
recheat winded in my forehead, or hang my bugle in an invisible baldrick,
all women shall pardon me. Because I will not do them the wrong to
mistrust any, I will do myself the right to trust none; and the fine is,
for the which I may go the finer, I will live a bachelor.

By the end of the play, both their feelings on whether they love, who they love,
and marriage, will change. For better or worse, we do not know, but assume
In the middle of the play, Beatrice and Benedick are "tricked" into
admitting their love for each other. This "trick" is carried out by the other
characters in the play. In the case of both Beatrice and Benedick, this is
accomplished by arranging for them to overhear a conversation pertaining to the
love one has for the other. For Benedick, the conversation was between Leonato
and Claudio in Act II; Scene iii, (lines 89-100):

DON PEDRO:...Come hither, Leonato. What was it you told me of to-day, that
niece Beatrice was in love with Signior Benedick?
CLAUDIO: O, ay: stalk on. stalk on; the fowl sits. I did never think
that lady would
have loved any man.
LEONATO: No, nor I neither; but most wonderful that she should so dote
on Signior
Benedick, whom she hath in all outward behaviors seemed ever to abhor.
LEONATO: By my troth, my lord, I cannot tell what to think of it but
that she loves
him with an enraged affection: it is past the infinite of thought.

With Beatrice, this is accomplished in Act III; Scene I, (lines 24-28):

HERO: ...No, truly, Ursula, she is too disdainful; I know her spirits
are as coy and
wild As haggerds of the rock.
URSULA: But are you sure That Benedick loves Beatrice so entirely?
HERO: So says the prince and my new-trothed lord.

The fact that the other characters in the play arranged this "trick" leads the
reader to believe that they are more aware of the true nature of the
relationship between Beatrice and Benedick than they themselves are. This is
most likely due to the fact that they (Beatrice & Benedick) are so caught up in
bickering and denial that they cannot see their relationship for what it truly
is. It takes their friends and family to force them to realize that for them,
all they show is the opposite of what they feel.
At the end of the play, both characters have admitted their love for each
other, Act II; Scene iii and are to be wed. Their views on both love and
marriage have changed as much as their opinions/thoughts of each other. They
both readily admit their love for each other, and yet still hold on to the
strength they showed in the earlier parts of the play. The way that they speak
to each other has changed but little, they still throw quick jibes and quasi-
insults back and forth almost quicker than the reader can follow. What has
changed is the underlying feeling of their banter. Where before it was spoken
with disdain, now it is spoken with affection. A good example of this can be
found in Act V; Scene ii (Lines 50-61) when they are discussing each others
first realization of love for the other:

BENEDICK: ...And, I pray thee now, tell me for which of my bad parts
thou first fall in love with me?
BEATRICE: For them all together; which maintained so politic a state of
evil that they will not admit any good part to intermingle with them. But
which of my good parts did you first suffer love for me?
BENEDICK: Suffer love! a good epithet! I do suffer love indeed, for I
love thee against my will.
BEATRICE: In spite of your heart, I think; alas, poor heart! If you
it for my sake, I will spite it for yours; for I will never love that which
my friend hates.
BENEDICK: Thou and I are too wise to woo peaceably.

While this conversation may seem somewhat insulting, the two characters are
opening up to each other, and learning how to love and share with each other.
This does not mean they will change who and what they are, only that they will
share their feelings and thoughts, for better or ill.
In conclusion it should be noted that not both Beatrice and Benedick's
fears concerning love and marriage were unfounded. Even after admitting that
they love each other, they are still fundamentally the same people that they
were before. They are happier, even though they still "spar" verbally (even at
the alter), and their freedom does not seem to be suffering in any way. What
started out as what seemed to be hatred has turned to love. Too bad that is not
always the case.


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