Abstract In Law Enforcement today, there are several different strategies of problem-solving techniques. One problem solving approach is that of Problem Oriented Policing. This strategy focuses on solving local, neighborhood crime. In order for Problem-Oriented Policing to work, there needs to be a joint effort between the police and the community they serve. Another approach to problem solving is Community Oriented Policing. Community Oriented Policing is used to improve the relationship between the police and the residents that live in that community and to build trust between the two. The distinction between POP and COP is that POP is aimed at solving perpetual crime, whereas COP focuses on specific crime and its purpose is to reduce it. POP and COP share some important characteristics: • Decentralization in order to encourage officer initiative and the effective use of local knowledge. • Geographical rather than functionally defined subordinate units in order to develop local knowledge. • Close interactions with local communities in order to facilitate responsiveness to, and cooperation with, the community. One of the most important techniques used in Problem Oriented Policing is the S.A.R.A Model. S.A.R.A stands for Scanning, Analysis, Response and Assessment.
Problem-Oriented Policing and Its Importance Essay
1078 Words5 Pages
PROBLEM-ORIENTED POLICING 3
Problem-Oriented Policing and Its Importance
Problem-oriented policing (POP) has been around for decades. POP can be defined as a way to improve policing by analyzing and acting on the most serious problems concerning the community. Research articles from various peer reviewed journals were examined to obtain an understanding on the importance of POP. Most of these articles are fairly relevant and published within the past few years with the exception of one from 2003. This paper will address the following questions:
1. Who is…show more content…
PROBLEM-ORIENTED POLICING 4
How should POP be used? Officers should receive proper training techniques in regards to the application of
POP. Quinet, Nunn, and Kincaid (2003) performed a study on how both lower and higher ranking officers were impacted by POP training. The training included discussions, videos, and group projects associated with problem solving, crime mapping, and partnerships. The results of this study showed little immediate impact, but the measurable impact was geared toward the right direction. Quintet et al (2003) concluded that through pre and post-training surveys, the training should be customized and designed to meet specific needs. There are contradicting views pertaining to subject of efficient POP methods.
Boba and Crank (2008) propose a model to institutionalize POP. This model involves the entire police organization taking part in problem solving at all levels of the rank structure. Problems are assigned to certain levels based on their complexity. Boba and
Crank (2008) suggest that crime can be reduced greatly by strengthening normal policing methods and problem solving at all levels.