Traffic Jam Ielts Essay Sample

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IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 977 - In cities and towns all over the world the high volume of traffic is a problem

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IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

In cities and towns all over the world, the high volume of traffic is a problem. What are the causes of this and what actions can be taken to solve this problem?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.


Sample Answer 1:
It is undoubtedly the case that urban areas around the world increasingly suffer from traffic congestion. In this essay, I will examine the reasons for this trend and suggest some practical policies the authorities could implement to reduce the level of traffic in our cities.

The first step is to understand why traffic has increased in towns and cities. Broadly speaking, there are three main reasons for this. One is that cars have become more affordable for the average consumers and they are no longer a luxury item, but something that most families expect to own. A second reason is that public transport has become increasingly unreliable in recent years, not least because many bus and train services have been reduced because of the difficulty in funding them. The third reason is that society has, in general, become more mobile and this means more people are prepared to commute to work by car than they were before.

The biggest causes of traffic jam lack of proper road and bridges in cities. If there is an additional way for buses and large trucks in cities, traffic jams reduce in cities.

There is almost certainly no one solution to this problem given the complexity of its causes. However, one option has to be to improve the reliability of public transport to encourage people to take the bus or the train rather than get in the car. It would also be possible to discourage people from driving to work by introducing special tariffs for using the roads, especially during peak periods.

In conclusion, there are a variety of different factors that have led to rising levels of traffic in urban areas. While it may not be possible to find a complete solution but actions should probably involve encouraging more use of public transports.Furthermore, taxes on private cars should be increased and eco-friendly transportation like bicycles should be promoted.

[ Written by -Togrul Nesirli ]

Sample Answer 2:
It is a fact that traffic congestion has become a serious problem for many cities and towns. More and more people get stressed with this situation, as they have to spend hours after hours in the street and lose their productivity and valuable time. The following essay will discuss the cause of the issue and some of the solutions that can be taken into account.

For a number of reasons, traffic has become the main problem of many cities and towns all over the world. Firstly, as the population growth in many metropolis cities such as in Shanghai, New York, Dhaka and Bangkok has increased rapidly in the past recent years, it means that there are more cars in the city. Secondly, in some cities, such as in Jakarta or Manila, public transportation facilities are poorly managed therefore the people choose to drive their own vehicles. Lastly, in many countries such as Indonesia or China, the economic development is not widely spread, and a result a lot of people from rural areas move to cities which would create traffic related problems. The number of commuters in many cities has increased dramatically but in proportion, the total number of roads remained almost same as it was in the past. Many people are buying private cars and it is not unusual that many families own more than one car. These two reasons with the poor traffic management system in many cities cause unmanageable traffic jam nowadays.  

However, there are several things that the government could do to reduce the problem. The state government should provide decent, safe and clean public transportation facilities, therefore more people would use public transports, instead of driving their own private vehicles. And then the government should develop new industrial and commercial areas outside of the city. It is hoped that some people would move to these new areas, and would reduce the density problem. The government could provide some bicycle lane, as it brings a lot of benefit for the people and the city itself. Bicycles as the primary means of communication could reduce traffic. It is also safer for the environment and has positive effects on the rider’s health. The roads and highways should be expanded and new roads should be introduced. Severe punishment should be imposed for violating traffic rules and restriction should be implemented in private car ownership. Finally, improved traffic system should be introduced and unfit cars and vehicles should be removed from the streets.

In conclusion, cities and towns all over the world are facing serious traffic problem these days. It is mainly due to of the population growth, density and poor public transportation facility. But there are several things that the government could do to address the problem, such as improving the public transports, developing new areas and persuade its resident in using bicycles.

[ Written by -Darwin Lesmana ]

Sample Answer 3:
In today's world, traffic congestion is an extremely difficult problem for commuters around the globe. A 10 minutes office to home ride had become a pathetic 40 minutes or even longer ride, spending one's valuable time on roads. This essay will explore some of the causes and recommended practices to reduce this issue.

The possible sources for increased traffic could be from several factors. Firstly, I consider migration of people from urban areas to cities in search of making a living as one of the primary reasons. This, in turn, leads to increased number of vehicles on the road. Based on a recent study conducted by the Transportation Department of London, there is a 20% surge in volume of car sale in the United Kingdom each year over the last decade. Secondly, failing to adhere to traffic rules is another factor contributing to the waiting time due to traffic.

The government and public should be pragmatic about the actions that will solve this issue. The government should encourage using public transport instead of personal vehicles because in my country one will hardly find a co-passenger in a car other than the driver. In addition, the traffic control department should implement stringent traffic rules, for instance, diverting traffic in peak hours on a particular avenue.

In summary, a rapid rise in the car users is one of a major reason for increasingly pathetic traffic congestion. The government and public should cooperate to reduce the number of vehicles by using public transport.

[ Written by -R Ragupathi Raja ]

This is one of my model IELTS essays lessons where you can

  • read the essay
  • do a vocabulary exercise
  • get a full lesson on how to write the essay

Read the IELTS  traffic essay

In cities and towns all over the world the high volume of traffic is a problem. What are the causes of this and what actions can be taken to solve this problem?

It is undoubtedly the case that urban areas around the world increasingly suffer from congestion. In this essay, I examine the reasons for this trend and suggest some practical policies the authorities could implement to reduce the level of traffic in our cities.

The first step is to understand why traffic has increased in towns and cities. Broadly speaking, there are three main reasons for this. One is that cars have become more affordable for the average consumer and they are no longer a luxury item, but something that most families expect to own. A second reason is that public transport has become increasingly unreliable in recent years, not least because many bus and train services have been reduced because of the difficulty in funding them. The third reason is that society has in general become more mobile and this means more people are prepared to commute to work by car than they were before.

There is almost certainly no one solution to this problem given the complexity of its causes. However, one option has to be to improve the reliability of public transport to encourage people to take the bus or the train rather than get in the car. It would also be possible to discourage people from driving to work by introducing special tariffs for using the roads, especially during peak periods. A successful example of this is the congestion charge scheme in London which has certainly reduced the level of trafficin inner-city areas.

In conclusion, there are a variety of different factors that have led to rising levels of traffic in urban areas. While it may not be possible to find a complete solution, any action should probably involve encouraging greater use of public transport and making it more expensive for the motorist to drive in urban areas.

Practise using the essay language

Do a lesson to help you write it

In this lesson you will find guidance on:

  • structuring the essay so that you answer the question fully
  • getting ideas for the essay
  • organising your paragraphs
  • choosing the right vocabulary

There are also two vocabulary exercises to help you write the essay yourself.

Getting the essay question right

In cities and towns all over the world the high volume of traffic is a problem. What are the causes of this and what actions can be taken to solve this problem?

This is a “double question” question. The one point to focus on here is to make sure that you answer both halves of the question throughout the essay. This means that you want to identify both halves of the question in your introduction and your conclusion.

Essay structure

With this type of essay question with a double question, the natural structure is to deal with each question in a content separate paragraph – dealing with the causes and the policies separately. It is often quite hard to summarise your position quickly in relation to two question and so it can make sense to just say that you are going to discuss the questions in the introduction as opposed to stating your position to both of them. You do want to make sure, however, that your conclusion does summarise your main points.

A key tip here is to make sure that you use the introduction, topic sentences and the conclusion to form the spine of your essay. Just reading those should be enough to tell the reader what it is about.

Introduction

Here you can see the situation behind the question/the topic is identified in red. While in the next sentence, it is clear that the essay is going to look at both the causes of and solutions to this problem (blue and green)

It is undoubtedly the case that urban areas around the world increasingly suffer from congestion. In this essay, I examine the reasons for this trend and suggest some practical policies the authorities could implement to reduce the level of traffic in our cities.

Content 1

The first two sentences clearly link back to the introduction and outline what the paragraph is going to be about. Here I  choose to use two quick and short sentences, rather than one long one. Clarity is the main goal here.

The first step is to understand why traffic has increased in towns and cities. Broadly speaking, there are three main reasons for this.

Content 2

Again, I use a quick short sentence to start that clearly links back to the introduction. The goal is to make my structure clear, I don’t worry about introducing details of my argument in my first sentence.

There is almost certainly no one solution to this problem given the complexity of its causes.

Conclusion

My conclusion is split into two halves to make sure I answer both halves of the question. It also borrows some language from the introduction to improve coherence. I choose to add more detail about the solutions as this neatly links back to the second of my topic paragraphs.

In conclusion, there are a variety of different factors that have led to rising levels of traffic in urban areas. While it may not be possible to find a complete solution, any action should probably involve encouraging greater use of public transport and making it more expensive for the motorist to drive in urban areas.

Ideas for the essay

Here are some possible ideas for the essay. You should note that I have not used all these ideas in my own essay. The idea is to select those ideas that work best for you – meaning those that you can expand with reasons and examples. A top tip is NOT to include ALL your ideas.

More cars

  • cars are more affordable than ever before
  • cars have become a status symbol
  • people need cars to commute to work
  • people do not share car journeys
  • improved road networks make it easier to travel
  • many families now own two cars (both husband and wife work)
  • public transport is inconvenient
  • public transport is unavailable in some areas

Solutions

  • improve public transport by adding more bus routes
  • give incentives to drivers to share journeys
  • add more cycle routes
  • put tariffs on using roads in peak periods
  • advertising campaigns to highlight negatives of using cars
  • have more pedestrianised areas in towns to prevent cars from entering them

Structuring your paragraphs when you have more than one idea

When you have a number of different ideas to include in one paragraph, you probably want to choose a “listing paragraph” structure. The way to do this is simply to start your paragraph by saying that it will include a number of related points. This way it is clear to the examiner what you are saying. So in this example it is clear that I have three things to say about why traffic has increased in cities.

The first step is to understand why traffic has increased in towns and cities. Broadly speaking, there are three main reasons for this. One is that cars have become more affordable for the average consumer and they are no longer a luxury item, but something that most families expect to own. A second reason is that public transport has become increasingly unreliable in recent years, not least because many bus and train services have been reduced because of the difficulty in funding them. The third reason is that society has in general become more mobile and this means more people are prepared to commute to work by car than they were before.

If this appears “too simple” for you. You can also look at the structure of my second topic paragraph where I also use more than one reason. The pattern is much the same though. I start by saying that there is more than one point I wish to make.You may want to notice how “also” is a natural linking word.

There is almost certainly no one solution to this problem given the complexity of its causes. However, one option has to be to improve the reliability of public transport to encourage people to take the bus or the train rather than get in the car. It would also be possible to discourage people from driving to work by introducing special tariffs for using the roads, especially during peak periods. A successful example of this is the congestion charge scheme in London which has certainly reduced the level of traffic in inner-city areas.

Vocabulary

Academic vocabulary

Almost certainly the most useful vocab to focus on in IELTS essays comes from the academic word list. These are words that can be used in ANY essay and the idea is that IELTS essays should be formal in language.

It is undoubtedly the case that urban areas around the world increasingly suffer from congestion. In this essay, I examine the reasons for this trend and suggest some practical policies the authorities could implement to reduce the level of traffic in our cities.

The first step is to understand why traffic has increased in towns and cities. Broadly speaking, there are three main reasons for this. One is that cars have become more affordable for the average consumer and they are no longer a luxury item, but something that most families expect to own. A second reason is that public transport has become increasingly unreliable in recent years, not least because many bus and train services have been reduced because of the difficulty in funding them. The third reason is that society has in general become more mobile and this means more people are prepared to commute to work by car than they were before.

There is almost certainly no one solution to this problem given the complexity of its causes. However, one option has to be to improve the reliability of public transport to encourage people to take the bus or the train rather than get in the car. It would also be possible to discourage people from driving to work by introducing special tariffs for using the roads, especially during peak periods. A successful example of this is the congestion charge scheme in London which has certainly reduced the level of traffic in inner-city areas.

In conclusion, there are a variety of different factors that have led to rising levels of traffic in urban areas. While it may not be possible to find a complete solution, any action should probably involve encouraging greater use of public transport and making it more expensive for the motorist to drive in urban areas.

Topic vocabulary

You also want, however, to use a good range of topic vocabulary. Here the vocabulary you want falls into these areas:

  • transport
  • cities
  • problem/solution
  • cause
  • general academic language

You should see in the essay that I both vary and repeat language. Varying language is good for range of vocabulary, repetition is good for cohesion.

It is undoubtedly the case that urban areas around the world increasingly suffer from congestion. In this essay, I examine the reasons for this trend and suggest some practical policies the authorities could implement to reduce the level of trafficin our cities.

The first step isto understand why traffic has increased in towns and cities. Broadly speaking, there are three main reasons for this. One is that cars have become more affordable for the average consumer and they are no longer a luxury item, but something that most families expect to own. A second reason is that public transport has become increasingly unreliable in recent years, not least because many bus and train services have been reduced because of the difficulty in funding them. The third reason is that society has in general become more mobile and this means more people are prepared to commute to work by car than they were before.

There is almost certainly no one solution to this problem given the complexity of its causes. However, one option has to be to improve the reliability of public transport to encourage people to take the bus or the train rather than get in the car. It would also be possible to discourage people from driving to work by introducing special tariffs for using the roads, especially during peak periods. A successful example of this is the congestion charge scheme in London which has certainly reduced the level of trafficin inner-city areas.

In conclusion, there are a variety of different factors that have led to rising levels of traffic in urban areas. While it may not be possible to find a complete solution, any action should probably involve encouraging greater use of public transport and making it more expensive for the motorist to drive in urban areas.

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