Fire Code Of The Philippines Illustration Essay

Bureau of Fire Protection Essay

4134 WordsJan 22nd, 201417 Pages

UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES
National College of Public Administration and Governance
Diliman, Quezon City

PERFORMANCE OF THE
BUREAU OF FIRE PROTECTION (BFP):
CONTRIBUTIONS TO FIRE MANAGEMENT

A proposal submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for PA 199.2

By:
Nheo Cervantes
Geofel Soriano

Adviser:
Vicente Mariano

September 27, 2011

I. Introduction Fires are one of the few calamities of which we can prevent. Besides the efforts of the Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP), and the passing of the Revised Fire Code or RA 9514 in 2008, fires are still one of the leading man-made disasters in the Philippines. In 2011, there had already been several fires like the incident last February 7 which left 3000…show more content…

The new Fire Code also contains provisions of administrative sanctions that can be given to BFP personnel who are not properly implementing their jobs (Dollente, 2011).
“Fire” is defined as a “rapid burning of a combustible material with the evolution of heat and usually accompanied by flame, and is used by human beings. Uncontrolled fire remains to be one of the major causes of death and property damage in today’s society. Fires do happen on a frequent basis in industry and other arenas” (Schneid, 2000:9). Schneid talks mainly on preparedness when these incidents happen and some strategies about other disasters as well.
March is the Fire Prevention Month in the Philippines. The BFP announced several fire safety precautions to help manage fires. Despite these precautions, the BFP stated that most establishments, notably in Baguio City, are fire safety violators. In relation to this, there have been a series of fires here in Metro Manila, notable of which was the fire that engulfed the houses in Agham Road last February (Dar, 2011). The problem of fire during these months seems to occur every year.
Administrative Actions
“Disaster Risk Management (DRM)” is the “process of guiding and directing people, local communities and concerned government,

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Republic of the Philippines
Congress of the Philippines

Metro Manila

Fourteenth Congress
Second Regular Session


Begun and held in Metro Manila, on Monday, the twenty-eight day of July, two thousand eight.

Republic Act No. 9514             December 19, 2008
Repealed PD 1185

AN ACT ESTABLISHING A COMPREHENSIVE FIRE CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES, REPEALING PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 1185 AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled::

Section 1. This Act shall be known as the "Revised Fire Code of the Philippines of 2008".

Section 2. It is the policy of the State to ensure public safety and promote economic development through the prevention and suppression of all kinds of destructive fires and promote the professionalization of the fire service as a profession. Towards this end, the State shall enforce all laws, rules and regulations to ensure adherence to standard fire prevention and safety measures, and promote accountability for fire safety in the fire protection service and prevention service.

Section 3. Definition of Terms. - As used in this Fire Code, the following words and phrases shall mean and be construed as indicated:

Section 4. Applicability of The Code. - The provisions of the Fire Code shall apply to all persons and all private and public buildings, facilities or structures erected or constructed before and after its effectivity.

Section 5. Responsibility for the Enforcement of this Code. - This Code shall be administered and enforced by the Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP), under the direct supervision and control of the Chief of the Bureau of Fire Protection, through the hierarchy of organization as provided for in Chapter VI of Republic Act No. 6975. with the approval of the Secretary of the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG), the BFP, is hereby authorized to:

Section 6. Technical Staff. - The Chief, BFP shall constitute a technical staff of highly qualified persons who are knowledgeable on fire prevention, fire safety, and fire suppression. They may be drawn not only from the organic members of the BFP and other government offices and agencies, but also from other sources. In the latter case, they will either be appointed into the service or hired as consultants in accordance with law. The technical staff shall study, review and evaluate latest developments and standards on fire technology; prepare plans/programs on fire safety, prevention and suppression and evaluate implementation thereof; develop programs on the professionalization of the fire service; coordinate with appropriate government and private institutions for the offering of college courses on fire technology and fire protection engineering; propose amendments to the Fire Code; advise the Chief, BFP on any matter brought to his attention; and perform such other functions as directed on any matter brought to his attention and perform such other functions as directed by higher authorities.

Section 7. Inspections, Safety Measures, Fire Safety, Constructions, and Protective and/or Warning Systems. - As may be defined and provided in the Rules and Regulations, owners, administrators or occupants of buildings, structures and their premises or facilities and other responsible persons shall be required to comply with the following, as may be appropriate:

Section 8. Prohibited Acts. - The following are declared as prohibited act and omission.

Section 9. Violation, Penalties and Abatement of Fire Hazard. - Fire hazards shall be abated immediately. The Chief, BFP or his/her duly authorized representative, upon the report that a violation of this Code or other pertinent laws, rules and regulations is being committed, shall issue notice/order to comply to the owner, administrator, occupant or other person responsible for the condition of the building or structure, indicating among other things, the period within which compliance shall be effected, which shall be within ten (10) to fifteen (15) days after the receipt of the notice/order, depending on the reasonableness to adequately comply with the same.

If, after the lapse of the aforesaid period, the owner, administrator, occupant or other responsible person failed to comply, the Chief, BFP or his/her authorized representative shall put up a sign in front of the building or structure that it is fire hazard. Specifically, the notice shall bear the words "WARNING: THIS BUILDING/STRUCTURE IS A FIRE HAZARD", which shall remain posted until such time that the owner, administrator, occupant or other person responsible for the condition of the building, structure and their premises or facilities abate the same, but such period shall not exceed fifteen (15) days from the lapse of the initial period given in the notice/order to comply.

Finally, with the failure of the owner, administrator, occupant or other person responsible for the condition of the building, structure and their premises or facilities to comply within the period specified above, the Chief, BFP may issue order for such abatement. If the owner, administrator or occupant of buildings, structure and their premises or facilities does not abate the same within the period fixed in said order, the building, structure, premises or facilities shall be ordered closed by the Chief, BFP or his/her duly authorized representative notwithstanding any permit clearance or certificate earlier issued by the local authorities.

Any building or structure assessed and declared by the chief, BFP or his/her duly authorized representative as a firetrap on account of the gravity or palpability of the violation or is causing clear and present imminent fire danger to adjoining establishments and habitations shall be declared a public nuisance, as defined in the Civil Code of the Philippines in a notice to be issued to the owner, administrator, occupant or other person responsible for the condition of the building, structure and their premises or facilities. If the assessed value of the nuisance or the amount to be spent in abating the same is not more than One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000.00), the owner, administrator or occupant thereof shall abate the hazard within fifteen (15) days, or if the assessed value is more than One hundred thousand pesos (P100,000.00), within thirty (30) days from receipt of the order declaring said building or structure a public nuisance; otherwise, the Chief, BFP or his/her duly authorized representative shall forthwith cause its summary abatement. failure to comply within five (5) days from the receipt of the notice shall cause the Chief, BFP or his/her duly authorized representative to put up a sign in front of the building or structure, at or near the entrance of such premises, notifying the public that such building or structure is a "FIRETRAP", which shall remain until the owner, administrator, occupant or other person responsible for the condition of the building, structure and their premises or facilities abate the same within the specified period.

Summary abatement as used herein shall mean all corrective measures undertaken to abate hazards which shall include, but not limited to remodeling, repairing, strengthening, reconstructing, removal and demolition, either partial or total, of the building or structure. The expenses incurred by the government for such summary abatement shall be borne by the owner, administrator or occupant. These expenses shall constitute a prior lien upon such property.

Section 10. Enforcement of The Lien. - If the owner, administrator or occupant fails to reimburse the government of the expenses incurred in the summary abatement within ninety (90) days from the completion of such abatement, the building or structure shall be sold at public auction in accordance with existing laws and rules. No property subject of lien under Section 9 hereof, may be sold at a price lower than the abatement expenses incurred by the government. The property shall be forfeited in favor of the government if the highest bid is not at least equal to the abatement expenses.

Section 11. Penalties. -

Section 12. Appropriation and Sources of Income. -

Section 13. Collection of Taxes, Fees and Fines. - All taxes, fees and fines provided in this Code, shall be collected by the BFP. Provided, That twenty percent (20%) of such collection shall be set aside and retained for use by the city or municipal government concerned, which shall appropriate the same exclusive for the use of the operation and maintenance of its local fire station, including the construction and repair of fire station: Provided, further, That the remaining eighty (80%) shall be remitted to the National Treasury under a trust fund assigned for the modernization of the BFP.

"Sec. 13-A. Assessment of Fire Code Taxes, Fees and Fines. - The assessment of fire code taxes, fees and fines is vested upon the BFP. The BFP shall, subject to the approval of the DILG, prescribe the procedural rules for such purpose.

Sec. 13-B. Collection and Assessment of Local Taxes, Fees and Fines. - The collection and assessment of taxes, fees and fines as prescribed in the Local Government Code, except those contained in this Code, shall be function of the concerned local government units.

Sec. 13-C. Use of Income Generated from the Enforcement of the Fire Code. - The Chief, BFP is authorized, subject to the approval of the Secretary of the Interior and Local Government, to use the income generated under the Fire Code for procurement of fire protection and fire fighting investigation, rescue, paramedics, supplies and materials, and related technical services necessary for the fire service and the improvement of facilites of the Bureau of Fire Protection and abatement of fire hazards.

The BFP shall determine the optimal number of equipment, including, but not limited to, fire trucks and fire hydrants, required by every local government unit for the proper delivery of fire protection services in its jurisdiction.

In the procurement of fire fighting and investigation supplies and materials, the Bureau of Product Standards of the Department of Trade and Industry shall evaluate, determine and certify if the supply to procured conforms to the product standards fixed by the BFP. For this purpose, the BFP shall submit to the Bureau of Product Standards a detailed set of product standards that must be complied with in the procurement of fire fighting and investigation supplies and materials within six (6) months from the effectivity of this act.

Sec. 13-D. Monitoring the Implementation of the Fire Code and the Amount of the Fees Collected. - The Chief, BFP shall, within six (6) month from the effectivity of this Code, submit to the Secretary of the Interior and Local Government for his/her approval, a management tool or mechanism that would ensure effective monitoring of the enforcement of the Fire Code to include the amount of Fire Code fees collected.

Section 14. Within sixty (60) days from the effectivity of this Act, the Secretary of the Interior and Local Government shall issue the rules and regulations for its effective implementation.

Section 15. Presidential Decree No 1185 is hereby repealed. All laws, presidential decrees, letters of instructions, executive orders, rules and regulations insofar as they are inconsistent with this Act, are hereby repealed or amended as the case may be.

Section 16. In case any provision of this Act or any portion thereof is declared unconstitutional by a competent court, other provisions shall not be affected thereby.

Section 17. This Act shall take effect fifteen (15) days after its publication in the Official Gazette or in two (2) national newspapers of general circulation.

Approved

(Sgd.) PROSPERO C. NOGRALES
Speaker of the House of Representative

(Sgd.) MANNY VILLAR
President of the Senate

This Act which is a consolidation of Senate Bill No. 2553 and House Bill No. 4115 was finally passed by the Senate and the House of Representative on October 6, 2008 and October 8, 2008, respectively.

(Sgd.) MARILYN B. BARUA-YAP
Secretary General
House of Representative

(Sgd.) EMMA LIRIO-REYES
Secretary of the Senate

Approved: DEC 19, 2008

(Sgd.) GLORIA MACAPAGAL-ARROYO
President of the Philippines


The Lawphil Project - Arellano Law Foundation

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